Cardy Raper



Dr. Candy Raper 1925


As a Women of Science, a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Dr. Raper stands as a fantastic role model for young women. She published extensively in national and international scientific journals and authored several book chapters. In 2013, she published: “A Woman of Science: An Extraordinary Journey of Love, Discovery, and the Sex Life of Mushrooms.”

Alexandre Francey


Alexandre Francey was born in Cousset, Montagny-les-Monts, canton de Fribourg Switzerland. He first taught in Vuarens and Neuchâtel. Simultaneously, he was involved in public life, first as ‘Greffier de la Justice de Paix’ for the district of Dompierre.  He favored a classmate from College Saint Michel and Ecole Normale at former Abbey HauteriveGeorge Python who was first ‘Depute de la Broye au Grand Conseil’, when he is promoted to  oversee the ‘Grand Conseil’ in 1882, he takes his seat at the ‘Grand Conseil’ for the next 30 years. Python is appointed to Director of Education in Fribourg in 1886 and will accomplish a lot for education including founding the University of Fribourg in 1889. In 1892, Python creates also a Bank Cantonale de Fribourg (BCF) and appoints ‘Depute’ Alexandre Francey to be an Agent. These major accomplishments places Python to be considered the second founder of the Canton of Fribourg. After Python’s suffers a cardiovascular illness in 1912, Alexandre Francey will ally his effort with Joseph Chuard Conseil d’Etat. In 1917, he is asked by the Conseil d’Etat to become the ‘Prefet of the Broye Region‘. He will spend the next six  and last years of his career in Estavayer at the Château de Chenaux.

Personal Accomplishments:

Orphanage of the ‘Institut des Fauvettes’, Montagny-les-Monts, Switzerland. (1) 1901

Brought the ‘Soeurs de la Providence de Langres‘ to attend to the Orphanage.


Alexandre born, July 14th, 1855, loses his father at age 9 in 1864. He has an older sister Marie born in 1832, his other siblings are Philomene, Adelaide and Joseph.

Married in 1883 to Seraphine Gremaud they will have seven girls and one son. Their first daughter Marie-Julia is born in 1885, their second child, Joseph-Aloys in 1886, Anna-Marie (Sister Marie-Marthe) in 1984, Maria-Jeanne in 1887, Anna-Maria 1889, Marie-Clementine in 1891, and finally Therese in 1892.

His daughter AnnaMaria dies 1905, at age 16, his wife Seraphine 1915 at age 64,  his daughter Marie-Georgina in 1917 at age 25, Maria-Jeanne in 1922 at age 35 and the eldest Marie-Julia in 1930 at age 45. He passes away September 27, 1942 in Fribourg, Switzerland survived by 3 children, Aloys, Therese and Anna (Sister Marie Marthe).


Mark Twain


On Nov. 30, 1835, the small town of Florida, Mo. witnessed the birth of its most famous son. Samuel Langhorne Clemens was welcomed into the world as the sixth child of John Marshall and Jane Lampton Clemens. Little did John and Jane know, their son Samuel would one day be known as Mark Twain – America’s most famous literary icon.

Approximately four years after his birth, in 1839, the Clemens family moved 35 miles east to the town of Hannibal. A growing port city that lay along the banks of the Mississippi, Hannibal was a frequent stop for steam boats arriving by both day and night from St. Louis and New Orleans.

Samuel’s father was a judge, and he built a two-story frame house at 206 Hill Street in 1844. As a youngster, Samuel was kept indoors because of poor health. However, by age nine, he seemed to recover from his ailments and joined the rest of the town’s children outside. He then attended a private school in Hannibal.

When Samuel was 12, his father died of pneumonia, and at 13, Samuel left school to become a printer’s apprentice. After two short years, he joined his brother Orion’s newspaper as a printer and editorial assistant. It was here that young Samuel found he enjoyed writing.

At 17, he left Hannibal behind for a printer’s job in St. Louis. While in St. Louis, Clemens became a river pilot’s apprentice. He became a licensed river pilot in 1858. Clemens’ pseudonym, Mark Twain, comes from his days as a river pilot. It is a river term which means two fathoms or 12-feet when the depth of water for a boat is being sounded. “Mark twain” means that is safe to navigate.

Because the river trade was brought to a stand still by the Civil War in 1861, Clemens began working as a newspaper reporter for several newspapers all over the United States. In 1870, Clemens married Olivia Langdon, and they had four children, one of whom died in infancy and two who died in their twenties. Their surviving child, Clara, lived to be 88, and had one daughter. Clara’s daughter died without having any children, so there are no direct descendants of Samuel Clemens living.

Twain began to gain fame when his story, “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calavaras County” appeared in the New York Saturday Press on November 18, 1865. Twain’s first book, “The Innocents Abroad,” was published in 1869, “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer” in 1876, and “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” in 1885. He wrote 28 books and numerous short stories, letters and sketches.

Mark Twain passed away on April 21, 1910, but has a following still today. His childhood home is open to the public as a museum in Hannibal, and Calavaras County in California holds the Calavaras County Fair and Jumping Frog Jubilee every third weekend in May. Walking tours are given in New York City of places Twain visited near his birthday every year.

Other web sources:


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